Department of Physiology


About Department

Physiology can be defined as the study of the mechanisms of the normal functioning of the cells and organs of the living systems at the molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, system and organismal levels. Physiologists integrate the vast panoply of biomedical information acquired at the different levels of organization of biological systems to provide a logical account of the body processes and functions that define human existence. Physiologists investigate body systems (musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, nervous, renal, endocrine, reproductive, urinary, gastrointestinal, and integumentary systems), using different approaches such as electrophysiological, molecular, cellular techniques etc.

The Department teaches Medical Physiology course for Medicine and Surgery undergraduate programme. The Department delivers the course content of Medical Physiology to undergraduate students through lectures, seminar, practical classes, and congresses.

The Department is also involved in interdisciplinary teaching of medical students in the model of the Problem-Based Learning (PBL), and also supervises undergraduate medical students’ research works.

The Department uses state-of-the-art research tools to unravel mechanisms of functioning of the human body in health and disease.


To providing excellence in evidence-based teaching, state-of-the-art basic and clinically-oriented, translational research in medical physiology.


To be a world-class academic and research Department in the disciplines of Medical Physiology

Core Values

  • Accountability
  • Collaboration, collegiality and communication
  • Excellence
  • Good ethical behavior
  • Leadership
  • Professionalism
  • Responsibility

Administrative Staff

  • Prof. Dr. Omar S. Daine (Administrative Head of Department)


Academic Staff

  • Prof. Dr. Omar S. Daine (Academic Head of Department)
  • Dr. Menizibeya Osain Welcome MD, Ph.D. ( Lecturer I)
  • Dr. Olanipekun Muhammed Akin BSc, MBBS (Lecturer II)
  • Dr. Mariam Salako BSc, MBBS (Lecturer II)
  • Mr. Faruk Abdullahi Mustapha (Assistant Lecturer)

Technical Staff

  • Mr. Oyeniran Oluwatosin BSc, MSc (Laboratory Technologist)


    1. Introduction and Cell Physiology
    2. Body Fluids and Blood
    1. Excitable/Contractile Cells
    1. Respiratory System
    2. Cardiovascular System
    1. Gastrointestinal System
    2. Bilary Tract
    3. Nutrition and Metabolism
    1. Renal Physiology
    2. Reproduction


    1. Endocrinology
    1. Special Senses
    1. General Nervous System
    2. Autonomic Nervous System
    3. Central Nervous System


  1. Introduction and Cell Physiology
  • Introduction to physiology
  • Cell physiology
  • Cellular Junctions
  • Membrane and action potentials
  • Cellular Transportation
  • Genetic control of protein synthesis
  • Homeostasis and control systems
  1. Body Fluids and Blood
  • Blood Fluids and electrolytes
  • Blood Composition and functions
  • Erythrocytes
  • Blood Groups
  • Leucocytes
  • Immunity and allergy
  • Platelets and homeostasis
  1. Excitable/Contractile Cells
  • Muscle
  • Parasympathetic and sympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system
  • Generation of impulse in excitable tissue
  • Contraction of skeletal muscle
  • Excitation of skeletal muscle; neuromuscular junction
  • Excitation and contraction of smooth muscle
  • Neurotransmitters and synapses
  1. Respiratory System
  • The Respiratory Tract
  • Biomechanics of Breathing
  • Pulmonary Ventilation
  • Lung Volumes and Capacities
  • Gas Exchange
  • Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide
  • Regulation of Respiration
  • Physiological Response to Environmental Change
  • Respiratory Insufficiency
  1. Cardiovascular System
  • Introduction to the Cardiovascular System
  • Cardiac Muscle – Mechanical and Electrical Properties
  • Rhythm of the Heart
  • Cardiac Cycle
  • Heart valves and Heart sounds
  • Laws of Heart contraction: Starling law, Bainbridge Mechanism
  • Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Overview of the Circulation – Flow, Pressure and Resistance
  • Vascular Distensibility
  • Microcirculation and Lymphatic System
  • Local and Humoral Control of Blood Flow
  • Role of Kidney in Control of Arterial Pressure
  • Nervous Regulation of the Circulation/Baroreceptor
  • Cardiac Output and Venous Return
  • Regional Circulation
  • Circulatory Shock
  • Cardiac Failure
  1. Gastrointestinal and Biliary System
  • General Principles (GI Tract Regions and Organs, Innervation, Circulation)
  • Propulsion and Mixing of Food
  • Liver Physiology
  • Digestion and Absorption
  • Secretory Function of GIT
  • Gastrointestinal disease
  • Evaluation of the Gastrointestinal System
  1. Nutrition and Metabolism
  • Dietary Balances and Deficiencies
  • Carbohydrate, Protein, and Lipid Metabolism
  • Energetics and Metabolic Rate
  • Temperature Regulation
  1. Renal Physiology
  • The Nephron, Urine Formation and Micturition
  • Endocrine Function of the Kidney
  • Acid-Base Balance
  • Regulation of ECF Osmolarity and Sodium Concentration
  • Diuretics and Kidney Diseases
  • Urinalysis(Tutorial)
  1. Reproduction
  • The Male Reproductive System
  • The Female Reproductive System
  • Menstrual Cycle including Ovulation, Menopause and Andropause
  • Coitus, Pregnancy, Human Reproduction, Lactation and Contraception I
  • Coitus, Pregnancy, Human Reproduction, Lactation and Contraception II
  • Puberty
  1. Endocrinology
  2. Special Senses
  3. General Nervous System
  4. Autonomic Nervous System
  5. Central Nervous System


  1. Introduction to physiology lab
  2. Cell Construction
  3. Onion Membrane
  4. Osmotic Fragility
  5. Haematocrit and Haemoglobin
  6. ESR and Blood Grouping
  7. Blood Cell Count
  8. Bleeding and its disorders
  9. Muscle strength test
  10. Electromyography
  11. Lung function tests – spirometry and vitalograph
  12. Electrocardiograph
  13. Vector analysis of ECG
  14. Blood Pressure and pulse measurement, Stannius ligature, effects of drugs and ions on frog heart
  15. Postural blood pressure changes, Bicycle ergometer
  16. Determination of salivary pH
  17. Temperature measurement
  18. Investigation of salivary alpha-amylase activity
  19. Glucose tolerance test
  20. Spermatozoa Motility
  21. Serology pregnancy test
  22. Visual acuity, field of vision
  23. Blind spot, colour blindness and ophthalmoscopy
  24. Audiometry
  25. Examination of sensory system
  26. Clinical reflexes
  27. EEG
  28. Experiment on decerebrate and spinal frog